Du gaspillage au joyau : patrimonialisation de la rivière Nastapoka, Nunavik (1990-2015)

Authors: Frenette, Arielle
Advisor: Berthold, ÉtienneBhiry, Najat
Abstract: Today, researchers widely consider Northern Quebec as being a “territory of representations” built by a series of sometimes contradictory discourses. Territorial representation is defined as the meaning given to a territory or landscape by society. Studying representations in geography is thus a significant approach in the current context in which Quebec's northern territories (Nunavik) are increasingly targeted by development. What territorial representations underlie the protection of natural areas in Nunavik? This research project is based on a case study of the inclusion of the Nastapoka River watershed within the boundaries of Tursujuq National Park. We use the concept of heritage to document representations of the northern territory. Indeed, by defining heritage as an object recognized by society as having a value worth preserving, natural heritage can be understood as a form of territorial representation. Through this case study, we seek to answer the following question: can (and how, if at all) a representation of the territory influence heritage construction processes? We proceed through discourse analysis to characterize, from a critical perspective, the Nastapoka River heritage construction process from 1990 to 2015. We identified three main groups of stakeholders participating in the debates, namely the local population (Umiujaq), the Quebec government, as well as scientific and environmental groups. Results suggest that the Nastapoka River area is represented by the residents of Umiujaq as essential to the practice of a traditional way of life, while scientific and environmental groups view this territory as a vulnerable ecosystem. Finally, the various plans proposed by the Government of Quebec demonstrate that protected areas are understood by the state planners as a compensation for resource development.
Document Type: Mémoire de maîtrise
Issue Date: 2019
Open Access Date: 9 January 2020
Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11794/37729
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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