Mixed matrix membranes based on Pebax® MH-1657 for gas separation

Authors: Meshkat Alsadat, Shadi
Advisor: Kaliaguine, S.Rodrigue, Denis
Abstract: In this work, we improved the CO2 permeability, as well as CO2/CH4 and CO2/N2 selectivity, of mixed matrix membranes (MMM) based on poly(ethylene-b-amide) (PebaxÒ MH-1657) by including metalorganic frameworks (MOF) and aromatic additives. The first part of the work investigated the addition of as-synthesized MOF (MIL-53 and NH2-MIL-53) in PebaxÒ. The favorable interactions between the MOF functional groups and CO2, as well as the absence of major morphological defects, led to improved CO2 separation performance of the membranes. In the second part, a different approach was adopted by studying the effect of aromatic carboxylic acids (benzoic acid and isophthalic acid) on PebaxÒ MH-1657 flat membranes. The carboxyl functional groups have strong affinity for CO2 facilitating the CO2 transport through the membranes leading to higher CO2/CH4 and CO2/N2 selectivity. In the final part, two isoreticular MOF (ZIF-8 and ZIF-67) were introduced in PebaxÒ MH- 1657 to modify its discriminating properties for CO2. ZIF-67 was found to be more effective in facilitating CO2 diffusion due to its more appropriate size of pore aperture, while ZIF-8 was found to improve CO2 solubility due to strong electrostatic interactions with CO2. Overall, the results obtained open the door for further development of polymer membranes for gas separation.
Document Type: Thèse de doctorat
Issue Date: 2019
Open Access Date: 18 December 2019
Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11794/37595
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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