Reconstitution paléoenvironnementale et paléoclimatique postglaciaire de la région du détroit de Fury et Hecla, Nunavut

Authors: Adaïmé, Marc-Elie
Advisor: Pienitz, Reinhard
Abstract: This study was conducted in the Fury and Hecla Strait region (Nunavut), between Melville Peninsula and northwestern Baffin Island. Sedimentological records of two lakes located on the southern shore of the strait allowed us to reconstruct the regional environmental history since deglaciation. Biostratigraphic and geochemical profiles initially reveal a regional deglaciation and marine transgression around 8200 cal. yr BP, following the gradual breakup of the Foxe Ice Dome during the Holocene Thermal Optimum. At that time, the connection between the Atlantic and Pacific oceans must have been established and the glacial isostatic adjustment gradually isolated the lacustrine basins from marine influence. Multivariate analyses conducted on the biological and geochemical datasets indicate that climatic conditions remained relatively warm throughout the 6000-3900 cal. yr BP interval, before significantly cooling during the Neoglacial period, as inferred from a decrease in biomass and increase in bottom water oxygenation. Moreover, based on the 14C-dated isolation contacts and threshold elevations of the two lakes, this study proposes a regional land emergence model and suggests a new marine limit that reached 204 m in northeastern Melville peninsula following deglaciation.
Document Type: Mémoire de maîtrise
Issue Date: 2019
Open Access Date: 14 December 2019
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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