Rôle de nouveaux marqueurs osseux dans la physiopathologie des troubles minéraux et osseux en insuffisance rénale chronique

Authors: Wang, Yue Pei
Advisor: Agharazii, MohsenMac-Way, Kai-Kock Fabrice
Abstract: Chronic kidney disease – mineral and bone disorders (CKD-MBD) leads to increased comorbidity and mortality due to heightened fractures rate and cardiovascular complications. Understanding the mechanisms of CKD-MBD’s pathophysiology is important in order to eventually propose new therapies that may prevent or treat bone and vascular complications. Recently, circulating levels of new bone markers [sclerostin, dickkopf-related protein 1 (DKK1), fibroblast growth factor 23 (FGF23) and α-klotho], which are Wnt pathway’s inhibitors, have been associated with bone and vascular health outcomes in CKD population and could therefore play an important role in CKD-MBD. The objectives of this master thesis are to investigate the role of these new bone markers 1) in CKD-MBD among kidney transplanted patients and 2) in CKD-MBD among dialysis patients in relation to bone marrow adipose tissue (MAT). Our results show that bone markers lower after kidney transplantation. We observe an association between circulating sclerostin and FGF23 levels evolution and arterial stiffness parameters (carotid-femoral pulse-wave velocity and carotid-radial pulse-wave velocity) after kidney transplant. Moreover, we show the feasibility to characterize MAT in a dialysis cohort and our results suggest an inverse correlation between serum DKK1 levels and MAT. In conclusion, our results show that these new bone markers could play an important role in CKD-MBD both in kidney transplanted and hemodialysis patients likely through different mechanisms. A better understanding of the role of these Wnt inhibitors in CKD-MBD could lead to a better management approach of patients with CKD-MBD.
Document Type: Mémoire de maîtrise
Issue Date: 2019
Open Access Date: 13 December 2019
Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11794/37550
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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