Production agricole et malnutrition : le paradoxe de Musanze au Rwanda

Authors: Gafarasi, Ngabo Jean Baptiste
Advisor: Bocoum, Ibrahima
Abstract: Rwanda, a small country in East Africa, is cited as a model of development in several areas in Africa only 25 years after the last genocide of the twenty-first century. The country is very dependent on agriculture, which contributed 35% of its GDP in 2015. After seeing an alarming food and nutrition situation in the early 2000s, the Rwandan government embarked on an ambitious program of agricultural intensification to solve this problem. Despite significant investments in agricultural development, food and nutrition issues remain serious. While the situation is improving, it is no less problematic. In 2015, the national rate of chronic malnutrition among children under five was 37%. The country's agricultural regions are among the most affected. In the district of Musanze, for example, in the northern region of the country known for the high fertility of its lands as well as for the richness and diversity of its crops, the rate of chronic malnutrition reaches 46% of children under five. This dissertation aims to study the factors which are at the origin of the important gap between the potentials as well as the important agricultural resources of this region and the high rates of chronic malnutrition in children under five. The results of this study indicate that the type of employment of mothers, the problem of access for mothers and children to health care due to distance between the house and the health care centre, the mother’s level of education as well as household hygiene and sanitation are the factors explaining the high level of chronic malnutrition of children under five in Musanze.
Document Type: Mémoire de maîtrise
Issue Date: 2019
Open Access Date: 13 December 2019
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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