Processus gravitaires dans la vallée Tasiapik (Nunavik) : témoins géomorphologiques de la dynamique de versant récente et passée

Authors: Veilleux, Samuel
Advisor: Bhiry, Najat
Abstract: This research project was conducted near Umiujaq (Nunavik) to document the main gravitational processes that occur on the slopes of Tasiapik Valley. 18 talus slopes on the southwest and northeast sides of the valley were characterized using topographic, granulometric, morphometric petrographic and vegetation surveys. Results show that talus formation in the valley is an ancient phenomena, due to paraglacial processes, and recent - and still ongoing – periglacial processes. This is evidenced by different development stages among the talus slopes, with fresh and very old debris covering the slopes, as well as contrasting slope topographies. On a shorter and more recent time scale, from August 2017 to July 2018, snow avalanches have proven to be a major process, as observed on the 14,000 photographs obtained using three automatic timelapse cameras installed in the summer of 2017. Snow avalanches were often triggered by a collapsing snow-cornice and were very frequent in the spring of 2018 due to favourable meteorological conditions such as a rapid increase in daily temperatures and abundant rainfall events. Dirty snow-avalanche deposits have shown the great erosive capacity of these snow avalanches, thus their important debris supply toward the talus slopes. In some cases, runout zones were located only a few meters from the road below, thus showing the potential risk for people travelling on the road
Document Type: Mémoire de maîtrise
Issue Date: 2019
Open Access Date: 29 November 2019
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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