Laser femtoseconde à fibre optique émettant dans l'infrarouge moyen

Authors: Duval, Simon
Advisor: Piché, MichelVallée, Réal
Abstract: The development of lasers emitting in the mid-infrared, a spectral region where the funda-mental resonances of several molecules are found, is one of the most promising avenues in laserscience. However, the democratization of these coherent light sources is required for enablingbreakthrough applications in healthcare, environment, industry and research. Thanks to theirsimplicity, robustness, reliability and their unequaled optical performances, fiber lasers are thecandidates of choice for enabling this technological shift toward the mid-infrared.In this project, the first femtosecond fiber laser emitting in the mid-infrared was realized. Thishigh added-value laser offers exceptionnal temporal, spectral and spatial properties that pavethe way for several applications in spectroscopy and laser-matter interaction.The design, optimization and theoretical study of this femtosecond laser cavity emitting at 2.8μm are presented in chapters 1 and 2 as well as in appendix B. The generation of ultrashortpulses in this laser relies on a mode-locking technique based on nonlinear polarization evolutionof the signal propagating inside an erbium-doped fluoride fiber. Pulses with durations below300 fs and estimated peak powers above 20 kW were directly generated from this oscillator.The second part of this thesis (chapters 3 and 4) presents the design and numerical studyof an external fiber amplifier that significantly improves the performances of the oscillator.This amplifier that uses only one segment of erbium-doped fluorozirconate fiber enables thegeneration of ultrashort pulses with peak powers above 200 kW. Due to the soliton self-frequency shift process occuring inside the amplifier, the central wavelength of the outputpulses can be tuned from 2.8 to 3.6μm. This tunable femtosecond system in the mid-infraredcan be further simplified and improved and can also be adapted to other novel laser transitionsin the mid-infrared. This work paves the way for new applications to emerge both in thescientific and the industrial worlds.
Document Type: Thèse de doctorat
Issue Date: 2019
Open Access Date: 29 November 2019
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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