Commerce agricole et agroalimentaire des pays Nord-Africain : déterminants et potentiel

Authors: Jellali, Zohra
Advisor: Tamini, Lota Dabio
Abstract: This study aims to analyze the determinants of trade in agricultural and agri-food goods as well as the level of efficiency and potential of North African countries with their partners in Middle Eastern Europe as well as between them. This is based on the fixed-effect stochastic border gravity model inspired by the economy of production. Our estimations have shown that the effect of the explanatory variables on trade flows follows the one found in the literature for both the economic variables and the variables that characterize the bilateral relations between the partners. The hypothesis of commercial inefficiency was confirmed. An estimate of efficiency scores by country varying over time was carried out. The results show that Mauritania is the most inefficient country followed by Algeria, for all the countries taken into consideration. Morocco and Tunisia are the most integrated in the North African market with the highest efficiency scores. Taking into account all countries of destination, Tunisia, Morocco and Egypt are the most integrated but with significant variability of the scores according to the countries of destination. These countries have significant potential remains to exploit. These estimates highlight the importance of improving trade policies for better integration into the market.
Document Type: Mémoire de maîtrise
Issue Date: 2019
Open Access Date: 15 November 2019
Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11794/37221
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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