Étude de l'infiltration et des variations verticales de la pression interstitielle dans un massif argileux
|Abstract:||The St-Lawrence Valley is characterized by thick and extensive post-glacial marine clay deposits that are susceptible to landslides. One important factor responsible for landslide development is the important pore water pressure increase due to the significant infiltration of water into the soil, which reduces the effective strength in the soil. This study aims at understanding pore pressure response to climatic events in clay deposits which will lead to a better knowledge of the mechanisms that trigger landslides and could help to reduce their impact. The study site is a flat terrain located in Ste-Anne-de-la-Pérade. The stratigraphy is characterized by two clay layers, alternating with sand and silt layers. The study relies on high resolution spatial and temporal meteorological, geotechnical and hydrogeological observations. Laboratory tests on samples from the site and field investigations were done in order to measure the geotechnical and hydraulic properties of the soils. Barometric compensation by linear regression was also applied on pore pressure data. The results obtained allowed us to realise simulation in order to try to reproduce the study site data. The interpretation of the results firstly established the effect of the climate on the infiltration of water, which depends on precipitation, temperature and freezing of the soil. Then, the mechanisms responsible for variations in pore pressures were identified, which are the climate, the properties of the soil layers and the nearby Ste-Anne River. Interpreting data and simulations led to a conceptual model representing the flow of groundwater. Finally, landslide potential was assessed for the site and was considered low under current conditions.|
|Document Type:||Mémoire de maîtrise|
|Open Access Date:||15 November 2019|
|Collection:||Thèses et mémoires|
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