L'influence de la compatibilité individu/environnement sur l'intention de quitter l'organisation et l'emploi : le rôle médiateur de la satisfaction envers l'organisation, les collègues et le superviseur

Authors: Deschênes, Andrée-Anne
Advisor: Dufour, Marie-Ève
Abstract: Career paths have changed considerably in recent decades. Linear careers, where people are employed by the same organization throughout their working lives, are no longer the norm. The resulting new employment relationships have changed people’s expectations of their employer. Consequently, people’s career mobility has increased significantly. People more frequently express their intent to leave the organization, but also other forms of intent to leave, such as intent to leave one job for another within the same organization. Alongside these career changes, the workforce’s values have diversified. Employees are placing greater importance on individualized human resources management, seeking to ensure that the practices deployed in organizations take into account their specific reality. This context is prompting researchers to examine the question of intent to leave from a new perspective. Research is increasingly focused on explanatory factors that take people’s values, expectations and needs into account. The fit between the characteristics of an individual and those of various elements of their work environment, which is reflected in the concept of person-environment (PE) fit, is thus becoming an increasingly popular avenue to explain intent to leave the organization and the job. This research follows this approach. Various aspects of the work environment can be articulated through the concept of personenvironment fit, including the organization, the work group and the immediate supervisor. The general objective of this study is therefore to obtain a greater understanding of the role person-organization fit, person-group fit and person-supervisor fit in explaining a person’s intent to leave the organization and the job. This study also has the objective to examine the role played by satisfaction with the organization, satisfaction with colleagues and satisfaction with the supervisor in these relationships...
Document Type: Thèse de doctorat
Issue Date: 2019
Open Access Date: 9 November 2019
Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11794/37197
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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