Identification de symptômes du trouble du déficit de l'attention avec ou sans hyperactivité chez de jeunes Inuits du Nunavik

Authors: Piedboeuf, Pascale
Advisor: Bélanger, Richard E.
Abstract: Attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is the most common childhood onset neuro-developmental disorders, and persists into adolescence and adulthood in a majority of cases. Whilst the condition has been associated with several unfavourable trajectories, namely health-wise, its multimodal management is hopefully recognized for its effectiveness. Several studies have suggested that a knowledge gap remains on the subject of ADHD among certain ethnic or cultural minorities, among other things because of the lack of screening tools validated for these groups. In Canada, there is little data available on its presence within the Indigenous populations. The main objective of this master’s thesis is to explore, through the validation of a screening tool, the evaluation, the manifestations and the presence of ADHD among Inuit youths from Nunavik, a region in Arctic Quebec. Taking into account this population’s limited access to specialized mental health services, and the known impacts of ADHD when left unmanaged, the ability to recognize the signs of this condition with a valid screening instrument is the principal factor of interest. As part of the study presented in Chapter 1, a sample of 206 Inuit youths between 16 and 21 years of age completed a brief, self-reported screening tool for ADHD, the Barkley Adult ADHD Rating Scale IV. Derived from descriptive and factorial analysis and measures of internal consistency, results from the study suggest than this tool can offer an acceptable estimation of the presence of symptoms consistent with those of ADHD in such a sample, notwithstanding its nonnormative state. In conclusion, this thesis discusses the manner in which the evaluation and likely presence of ADHD when assessed in our sample, as well as its potential associations, fits within the broader context of health challenges faced by Inuit youth in Nunavik.
Document Type: Mémoire de maîtrise
Issue Date: 2019
Open Access Date: 9 November 2019
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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