L'EcoChip : une plate-forme de capteurs sans fil pour la surveillance bio-environnementale

Authors: Sylvain, Matthieu
Advisor: Gosselin, BenoitMessaddeq, Younès
Abstract: The proposed system consist of a wireless multi-sensors platform that can measure the growth of multiples microorganism populations inside their natural habitat while also measuring various environmental parameters. An impedance measuring circuit is used to evaluate the growth of the microorganisms inside the 96 culture wells of the EcoChip. This method is used since the impedance of these colonies is directly related to the number of microorganisms in the growth medium. These impedance measurements over time are then used to evaluate if microbial growth is normal and this can be used to give an idea of the overall health state of a given environment, which for this project is a nordic one. These impedance measurements are also used to produce growth curves that can be used to isolate wells inside which there was an increase in microorganism concentration and then easily screen them for further analyses. The designed system is programmed to scan the culture wells at regular intervals and to transmit the results to a nearby base station via a wireless link. These data are also saved on the on-board memory to ensure that they can be recovered later when there are no nearby receivers. The multi-well conception of the system also allows to isolate multiple samples and to conduct individual measurements on each of them. Since the platform is autonomous and is powered with a battery, it is designed to have a very low power consumption which allows for a long lifetime while in an isolated location. This project is done as part of the Sentinel Nord Strategy of Université Laval which aims to improve our understanding of the northern environment. At the time of the redaction of this thesis, the proposed system is unique in its kind since it allows the culture of microorganisms in situ and the evaluation of the culture growth with an electronic system while in the wild. The platform offers many opportunities for scientists in biology and microbiology since it enables them to obtain information on various isolated places where environmental data and microorganism samples can be hard to get. Field tests at Kuujjuarapik and Clearwater Lake (Nord-du-Québec) with the device have proven that the system allows the growth of microorganism colonies in its wells while conducting successful impedance analyses.
Document Type: Mémoire de maîtrise
Issue Date: 2019
Open Access Date: 8 November 2019
Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11794/37178
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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