Linear scanning ATR-FTIR for mapping and high throughput studies of bacterial biofilms in microfluidic channels

Authors: Pousti, Mohammad
Advisor: Greener, Jesse
Abstract: The field of bioanalytical chemistry is currently undergoing rapid development. Trends toward more precise characterization, high-throughput analysis and greater levels of automation collectively offer the promise of systems that can deliver deeper insights into living biological systems. Biofilms are widespread in most ecosystems. They can be formed by most microorganisms. Microbial biofilms are multicellular communities of bacteria, adhering to a surface, surrounded by an extracellular polymeric matrix (EPM). Because they are natural, bacterial biofilms are increasingly being studied and used for applications in biocatalysis, self-healing and as systems that can function effectively under ambient conditions. The main factors controlling biofilm development and its mature properties are the applied hydrodynamic conditions and nutrient concentrations. The mechanical properties of the EPM can be customized based on its environment. Additionally, the existence of different functional chemical groups within biofilm makes it possible to trap organic molecules and dissolved ions. This PhD thesis focus on developing a system-level technique that enables flexibility and precision in the growth and detection of biofilms from Pseudomonas sp. CT07 bacteria. The analytical system is multi-modal, in order to obtain information on biofilm chemical and structure properties. To this end, optical microscopy and attenuated total reflection (ATR) Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy have been coupled into one coordinated analytical system with microfluidic channels to control the growth conditions of biofilms. To achieve this goal, a home-built ATR-FTIR stage was developed for probing different locations on top of ATR crystal. The methodologies developed in this thesis can be applied to other complex analytical systems in the future. The combination of microfluidics for precise flow control as well as multiplexed measurements in parallel microchannel is the key to obtaining important and statistically relevant clues to the growth of biofilms and the methods to control them.
Document Type: Thèse de doctorat
Issue Date: 2019
Open Access Date: 8 November 2019
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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