Tarifs de cubage et régénération naturelle de Cylicodiscus gabunensis (Okan) au sud Cameroun

Authors: Seka, Julien Moselly
Advisor: Bégin, JeanRuel, Jean-Claude
Abstract: The search for wood with desired properties submits the Congo Basin (CB) forests to a selective logging. The practice in the CB is to use the possibility and rotation as key determinants of sustainable management. The hypothesis of this logging is that, the respect of the rules of management guarantees the maintenance in good state of these forest areas. Okan is a commercial timber species of high value, endemic to the CB forest. It is the only species of the genus Cylicodiscus. A few years ago, the species was not well known in the timber market. The main objective of this study was to contribute to the sustainable management of Okan. This contribution is reflected by a better understanding of: (i) wood harvesting and (ii) the reconstitution of the woody potential. Wood harvesting was based on the estimation of gross and commercial volumes. The reconstitution was the subject of interest through the natural regeneration at the foot of the seed trees on the one hand, and in gaps on the other. Okan stems were measured to produce volume equations and inventories were carried out at the foot of the seed trees of Okan and in the gaps of the species. The following results were obtained: 1) The volume equations used in Cameroon for Okan should be revised and completed. Volume equations with two and three entries [V = f (DBH, H)], [V = F (DBH, Dx)], [V = F (DBH, H, Dx)] have better R², AIC, and RSE than those with a single entry. These estimates provide a gain of precision even when the methodology and instruments used are subject to measurement errors, normally distributed, to the length of the stem (standard deviation ≤1.8 m) and of the second diameter (standard deviation ≤ 3.25 cm). 2) The modeling of the proportion of rejects, although resulting in a low R², is better described by considering the length of the stem and quality grade. In addition to the possibility of using quantitative parameters measured on stems, Okan’s commercial volumes are estimated by the: (i) proportion of rejects, (ii) use of a quality grade (ONADEF, 1992) and (iii) measurement of commercial length of stems. These equations can contribute to improve the estimation of commercial volumes of Okan wood in the study area.
Document Type: Thèse de doctorat
Issue Date: 2019
Open Access Date: 7 November 2019
Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11794/37175
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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