La description de connaissances tactiques des joueurs de soccer en formation

Authors: Hallé Petiot, Grégory
Advisor: Nadeau, Luc
Abstract: The tactical knowledge is a particularly useful resource for players who take part to team sport games, when they have to choose the most appropriate thing to do in the play. This knowledge can be assessed in order to scale the level of the player throughout their career. Its characteristics and the particularities of its use in the play requires to use the right method to describe its content. In this study, three soccer players of 13 year old playing for an amateur competitive team in Portugal have been interviewed after two of their official championship games using the protocole called “Entretien d’Explicitation” (Vermersch, 1994). Their games were filmed and video sequences were extracted and showed to them in order to help them remember the course of their actions in the game. Interview using the Entretien d’explication method was used to help them describe in detail their actions. A qualitative analysis of the answer was performed with the aim to identify: (1) the perceptions, the decisions; (2) the links between what he has perceived and what he has done; and (3) the common elements amongst the information verbalized by the players. The interview method effectively allowed the players to verbalize their decisions but the applicability of the method still requires improvements. The results show that players generally assess risks and opportunities that emerge in the game, through which knowledge is manifested. These results offer a reference point in learning pathways in soccer. Scaling players’ knowledge level can be useful to the coaches to determine what has to be learned and what type of learning situations to be offered to make the players progress. Keywords: decision-making, tactics, team sports
Document Type: Mémoire de maîtrise
Issue Date: 2019
Open Access Date: 1 November 2019
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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