La spécialisation des métiers de la production en Gaule de 450 à 700

Authors: Beaudet, Alexandre
Advisor: Freu, ChristelPetit, Thierry
Abstract: In this research, we studied the specialization of labour in Vth to VIIth century Gaul. It was thought that, after the fall of the Empire, the Gaulish economy was so crumbling and that social structures were so changed, that labour specialization had almost disappeared. However, by researching hundreds of Roman craft's name through digitalized letters, law codes, hagiographic and patristic texts, we have put together a list of 113 craft's term, for the years 450 to 700. Afterwards, we have validated these terms with archeological knowledge of craft's techniques. This shown that some Latin terms had a different meaning than what is generally accepted. This has let us relativize the loss of labour specialization, that had occurred since the Late Empire. We have also compared, with Late Empire's sources, the skill premium and the hierarchy of crafts. The results of this comparative approach suggest a strong resemblance between Roman and Merovingian labour. Despite some differences and a relative reduction, we think that the specialization of labour followed similar lines then that of the Late Empire.
Document Type: Mémoire de maîtrise
Issue Date: 2019
Open Access Date: 1 November 2019
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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