Développement d'un système de fabrication additive hybride par mise en fusion d'un filament d'aluminium grâce au chauffage par induction

Authors: Parent, Alex
Advisor: Guillot, Michel
Abstract: Current metal additive manufacturing machines are expensive and generally unproductive. In addition, the majority of parts from additive manufacturing must be machined after printing to achieve good geometric tolerances. The objective of this research project is to develop a hybrid additive manufacturing system that can replace traditional machining machines. Hybrid systems combine the benefits of additive manufacturing and machining into a single system. This thesis presents the development and usage of a hybrid additive manufacturing system that can form aluminum parts from a Al4043 filament. The system presented in this thesis uses an innovative technology that is based on the principle of induction heating. The filament is melted directly by induction inside a tube, then a flow of argon allows the molten aluminum to eject from the tube. This method makes aluminum preforms that can be machined to obtain a final piece. With this technology, it could be possible to manufacture a hybrid machine at low cost while having a high deposition rate. The system was installed on a FANUC robotic arm. Preliminary results demonstrate that it is possible to generate aluminum droplets in a controlled manner by pulsing the argon flow through a valve. The droplets are generated at each pulse and are projected onto a substrate along a precise trajectory. The accumulation of droplets will form a layer of aluminum, then the layers will be stacked to form a part. Aluminum parts have been shaped by this new additive manufacturing process. The volume of parts that can be printed is limited by the loss of efficiency of the induction heating system after several minutes of use. The highest bulk density obtained with this system is 84%.
Document Type: Mémoire de maîtrise
Issue Date: 2019
Open Access Date: 31 October 2019
Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11794/37159
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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