Analyse des prédicteurs de la saine alimentation : cas du Canada

Authors: Godonou, Gratias Gloria Denise M.
Advisor: Bocoum, IbrahimaKorai, Bernard
Abstract: The objective of this study is to update the predictors of healthy eating for adult Canadians with recent data (Canadian Community Health Survey (CCHS) -Nutrition 2015) and check the effect of new variables. This, because studies conducted to date to assess the determinants of healthy eating are either old studies or recent ones are still based on 2004 data. In this context, we evaluated the quality of the diet with the healthy eating index, 2005 version adapted to the Canadian context (HEI-C2005), then we carried out a multiple linear regression with as variables socioeconomic and demographic factors, health, level of physical activity and perceived general well-being. Our results show that currently, the diet quality of most Canadians needs to be improved (an average index of 68/100 with a standard deviation of 12, knowing that a value of 80/100 or more is the threshold of a healthy diet). However, there has been an improvement over 2004 (average index of 50,2 / 100). For predictors, the known effect of the classic variables (age, gender, education, well-being, income, ethnicity and level of physical activity) has not changed. Regarding what has not been verified in previous studies, our results show that food insecurity and vegetable prices have a negative effect on the diet quality. People with diabetes and people who don’t have cancer have a healthier diet than non-diabetics and people with cancer. Also, our results show that the price of fruits and the residence area have no effect on the diet quality
Document Type: Mémoire de maîtrise
Issue Date: 2018
Open Access Date: 31 October 2019
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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