Caractérisation des zones de cisaillement du sud-est de la Province de Churchill, Québec : un cas d'écoulement latéral en croûte-moyenne

Authors: Vanier, Marc-Antoine
Advisor: Guilmette, Carl; Harris, Lyal
Abstract: This contribution presents results from treatments and interpretations of aeromagnetic data, structural field studies, quartz c-axis analysis, and zircon U-Pb geochronology. These results reveal the main characteristics of the shear zones: i) subvertical foliation and subhorizontal stretching lineation, ii) dextral kinematics along N-S shear zones, iii) sinistral kinematics along WNW-ESE shear zones, and iv) L to LS tectonites. The obtuse angle of 116° between the George River (GRSZ) and Moonbase shear zones indicates that they form a set of conjugate ductile shear zones. Quartz c-axis opening angle thermometry outlines representative deformation temperatures that range from ~ 575 °C to 685 °C in the GRSZ and from ~ 670 °C to 805 (±50) °C in the Lac Tudor shear zone. Microstructures support those deformation temperatures and indicate a variable degree of static recrystallization in the GRSZ. Most of the deformation in the GRSZ occurred prior to 1812 ± 5 Ma. Generalized high deformation temperatures in the Southeastern Churchill Province (SECP) has favored penetrative deformation resulting in the development of a shear zone network. The geometry and kinematics of the shear zone network indicates that the eastern portion of the SECP accommodated near coaxial bulk strain during ~NE-SW shortening, which was accommodated by ductile lateral flow of the mid-crust towards the unconfined SSE. This tectonic model provides an explanation for the lack of a trans-hudsonian metamorphic footprint in the Mistinibi-Raude Block and the Orma Domain. The GRSZ is therefore interpreted to be related to lateral flow in the mid-crust during close to orthogonal collision rather than to oblique collision caused by northward displacement of the Superior craton.
Document Type: Mémoire de maîtrise
Issue Date: 2019
Open Access Date: 30 October 2019
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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