Les méthodes de cure et leurs impacts sur le retrait et la fissuration du béton projeté
|Abstract:||This thesis is devoted to the study of curing methods and their impacts on the shrinkage and cracking of shotcrete. More generally, this research deals with the problem of cracking of concrete repairs. Generally, shotcrete repairs quickly generate large areas of fresh concrete. If poorly protected, drying stress can lead to the failure of the repair. Curing methods prevent cracking and increase the durability of concrete repair. Much remains to be done with regard to cure and protection techniques to determine what really works. In order to evaluate the beneficial contribution of curing methods on shotcrete, a shrinkage measurement method is developed. This step makes it possible to fill the gap in the standards or methods used today to measure the shrinkage of shotcrete and at the same time to quantify the beneficial impact of curing methods on shrinkage. This method allows to start measuring shrinkage only 4 hours after placement. With this method, the following different external curing products are evaluated and classified from the most effective to the least effective : a solvent based liquid curing and sealing agent, a water-based liquid curing and sealing agent, an evaporation retarder and finally, the least effective, a resin-based membrane liquid curing agent. The solvent-based liquid curing and sealing agent provided the best results. Then internal curing products are tested with the developed measurement method. The products tested are synthetic fibre and a hemp fibre. Synthetic fibre brings an benefits as soon as the concrete is placed. Hemp fibre seems to have made more significant improvements in concrete shrinkage in the long term. Finally, a curing technique frequently used on site is evaluated. The results of this test are inconclusive and do not allow to assess the beneficial contribution of the tested parameters due to the particularities of the measurement method. In conclusion, this project fulfilled its mission to determine the beneficial effects of curing methods on shotcrete. It opens the way for many future applications and possibilities that were not previously possible for thanks to the measurement method developed.|
|Document Type:||Mémoire de maîtrise|
|Open Access Date:||30 October 2019|
|Collection:||Thèses et mémoires|
All documents in CorpusUL are protected by Copyright Act of Canada.