Effets d'une intervention basée sur la pleine conscience sur l'inflammation périphérique de personnes âgées avec un trouble cognitif léger

Authors: Morin-Alain, Valérie
Advisor: Goulet, SoniaHudon, Carol
Abstract: Alzheimer’s disease (AD) is an extremely invalidating condition with considerable economic and social burden. The pharmacological agents currently available are unable to stop or alter the disease’s progression. Prevention is a promising alternative since AD progresses over many years and one-third of all cases are due to modifiable risk factors such as psychological distress, hypertension, diabetes, smoking, and peripheral inflammation. Amongst these risk factors, peripheral inflammation is of crucial importance since it is involved in the pathophysiological cascades of AD and appears in conjunction with many of its risk factors including depression, anxiety, smoking, and obesity. Furthermore, anomalies in peripheral inflammatory profiles can be found as early as during the mild cognitive impairment (MCI) stage, which corresponds to the prodromal phase of AD in several individuals. Since, mindfulness-based interventions (MBI) have normalizing effects on peripheral profiles of different populations, this approach is promising for individuals with MCI. The main objective of this doctoral dissertation was to evaluate the effects of a MBI, as compared to a psychoeducation-based intervention (PBI), on the peripheral inflammatory profiles of elderly participants with MCI. As a secondary objective, the present research work also aimed at investigating the action mechanisms of MBI by testing the relation between inflammatory parameters and depressive symptomatology. Results suggested potentially beneficial alterations of the inflammatory profiles following a MBI, whereas no particular tendency was found in the PBI group. Regarding the secondary objective, no association was found between inflammatory parameters and depressive symptomatology. Thus, MBI might exerts physiological effects on a central risk factor of AD, that is peripheral inflammation. Further studies are necessary to investigate the prospect of MBIs as part of an AD prevention strategy.
Document Type: Thèse de doctorat
Issue Date: 2019
Open Access Date: 29 October 2019
Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11794/37113
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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