Expériences de violence obstétricale en milieu hospitalier québécois : une analyse féministe intersectionnelle

Authors: Landry, Marie-Pier
Advisor: Raymond, Émilie
Abstract: The objective of this qualitative study is to understand experiences of obstetric violence in Quebec, through a series of first-hand accounts from women who participated in an interview process. Obstetric violence is a form of systemic violence against women, experienced in the context of healthcare services related to pregnancy and childbirth. An analysis of the thematic content of the interviews reveals the following primary themes, several of which also appear in scientific articles: dehumanization and psychological violence, physical and sexual violence, relationships to caregivers, the over-medicalization of childbirth and organizational constraints, lack of respect for individual rights and the difficult or negative effects of the experience. Some participants also expressed strategies used to gain agency during pregnancy and childbirth and some named positive experiences that occurred in parallel with the difficulties they encountered. Intersectional analysis of the results suggests that experiences of obstetric violence take place on structural, disciplinary, hegemonic, interpersonal and experiential levels. The forms of socialization brought up by the women interviewed (sexual orientation, language, nationality and sociocultural background) showed that being at the intersection of several forms of oppression makes the experience unique for each woman or group of women. It therefore seems important, in studying obstetric violence, to take a specific interest in mothers who may find themselves at any intersection that may be juxtaposed with gendered oppression. Assessment of the prevalence of this type of violence and potential courses of action should be considered quickly by the different actors concerned.
Document Type: Mémoire de maîtrise
Issue Date: 2019
Open Access Date: 29 October 2019
Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11794/37091
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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