Mortier projeté à basse vitesse et béton projeté : quelles sont les différences?

Authors: Poulin, Christine
Advisor: Jolin, Marc
Abstract: There is a lack of technical information in the industry about the use of Low Velocity Sprayed Mortar (LVSM), specifically for structural repairs. Indeed, the low velocities of the particles would generate a limited consolidation energy of material and a potentially compromised adhesion with the receiving surface. Furthermore, reinforcing bars would seem difficult to encapsulate, an essential element for the success of durable works. In contrast, traditional shotcrete uses velocity to meet the requirements of consolidation, adhesion and reinforcing bars encapsulation. Consequently, the objective of this research project is to determine the technical differences between LVSM and shotcrete, especially by the use of different equipment. The LVSM investigation has allowed to establish the differences in terms of placement technique, mechanical and durability properties, repair quality and particles velocities. The composition of good mortar mixture allows to reach very good mechanical properties and good material durability, regardless of the nozzle type and air flow used to accelerate the material at the nozzle. Furthermore, theses mortars gave excellent adhesions on the repaired concrete substrate. The distinctions are more about the placement method and particles velocity. Indeed, LVSM does not produce rebound and the particles velocities measured are very low and depend of the equipment (2,6 to 4,5 m/s against 33 m/s in wetmix shotcrete). The results demonstrate that an adapted placement technique is an essential element to achieve a successful application. Thus, following the selection of the most appropriate nozzle, a new placement technique is developed to adequately encapsulate reinforcing bars of small diameter with LVSM.
Document Type: Mémoire de maîtrise
Issue Date: 2019
Open Access Date: 22 October 2019
Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11794/37038
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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