Annulation des interférences inter-cellulaires pour les systèmes MIMO massif dans les réseaux hétérogènes 5G

Authors: Chouk, Marwa
Advisor: Fortier, PaulGrenier, Dominique
Abstract: Nowadays, the number of mobile users and the demand for bandwidth are exploding. Indeed, this growing demand and the considerable number of devices to be connected (more than 29 billion by 2022 according to Ericsson) requires a complete rethink of the mobile communication technologies. New systems must be developed in order to provide a solution to the new uses that will emerge from this evolution. Massive MIMO is a new technology characteristic of 5G. Instead of implementing a single transmitting/receiving antenna, massive MIMO system combines several antennas to rein-force the signal and reduce the interference. Such a system is very often studied for multi-user transmissions thanks to its potential to focus energy. Among the many characteristic technologies of 5G, we consider as good candidates, those operating at millimetre wavelengths to satisfy the need for high throughput in small targeted areas. However, several design difficulties occur at such a frequency scale. In particular, the use of a large number of RF chains in parallel is more complicated. To remedy this problem, hybrid systems have emerged and are identified as relevant solutions to overcome these difficulties. Despite the benefits of massive MIMO systems and millimetre wave, it is important to understand these innovations from the perspective of network architecture evolution. Nowadays, the modern architecture of cellular networks is becoming more and more heterogeneous, for good reasons. In these heterogeneous networks, base stations are often augmented with a large number of small cells. It consists of small base stations, used to improve coverage in dense environments and increase network capacity. However, several technical problems arise from the dense deployment of these small cells. In particular, their coexistence with traditional networks and the different levels of transmission power can be the source of strong interferences between cells. In this thesis, we focus on the intercellular interference management in a heterogeneous shared spectrum network. This interference is mainly due to the fact that users are forced to be associated with small cells in the presence of surrounding macrocells. Therefore, we propose a new architecture of a heterogeneous network comprising several small cells that coexist with a macrocell equipped with a large number of antennas at the macro base station (MBS). The goal is to design a new hybrid precoding scheme to cancel intercellular interference on the downlink transmissions (DL). We propose to apply only phase control to couple the outputs of the RF chain to the transmitting antennas, using economical RF phase shifters. Digital precoding is then performed at the base station to manage intercellular and multi-user interference based on the null space of the interference channels. Finally, simulation results demonstrating the spectral efficiency of the proposed approach are presented and compared with various precoding techniques
Document Type: Mémoire de maîtrise
Issue Date: 2019
Open Access Date: 18 October 2019
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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