Impact d'un régime riche en gras sur la pathologie tau de type maladie d'Alzheimer

Authors: Lerdu, Ophélie
Advisor: Planel, Emmanuel
Abstract: Alzheimer's disease is the most common form of dementia in the world. There are many risk factors, the most important of which are age, but also diabetes and obesity. The main neuropathological disorders of Alzheimer's disease are cerebral atrophy, amyloid plaques and neurofibrillary tangles formed by hyper- and abnormally phosphorylated tau protein. This alteration in the phosphorylation of tau can be explained by an imbalance between the kinases, and the phosphatases. Impaired glucose metabolism and insulin resistance is also observed in brain of patients with Alzheimer’s disease. On the other hand, brain atrophy and neurofibrillary tangles have been observed in patients suffering from obesity and diabetes. It therefore seems that there is a close link between tau pathology, obesity and diabetes. Different studies have sought to determine the impact of a high-fat diet on tau pathology but the results are controversial. Since obesity is a risk factor for Alzheimer's disease, my hypothesis is that a high-fat diet can induce hyperphosphorylation of tau without being accompanied by insulin resistance. However, we would like to see if obesity can be a risk factor without insulin resistance. Indeed, so far, studies have mainly shown the role of insulin resistance as a risk factor for Alzheimer's disease. My goal is to study the impact of a high-fat diet on tau protein, in a model of wild-type mice and hTau mice (a model that expresses human tau protein without mutations) and to determine the mechanisms involved. Following a high-fat diet, we did not observe any significant changes in tau phosphorylation in hTau mice, only a significant increase in wild-type males and a significant decrease in wild-type females. These results lead us to believe that hTau mice appear to be resistant to the impact of a high-fat diet, unlike wild-type mice.
Document Type: Mémoire de maîtrise
Issue Date: 2019
Open Access Date: 18 October 2019
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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