L'évaluation de l'adhésion au traitement pharmacologique dans le suivi de l'insuffisance cardiaque : un rôle infirmier à découvrir

Authors: Jolicoeur, Maude
Advisor: Gallani, Maria CeciliaHoule, Julie
Abstract: Medication nonadherence is common in heart failure (HF) population and is an important factor associated with acute HF syndrome. It is therefore essential that nurses who monitor these individuals assess their adherence to medications, then intervene effectively to reinforce and promote it, as recommended by the Theory of Self-Care of Chronic Illness (Riegel, Jaarsma, & Strömberg, 2012), a middle-range nursing theory. However, there is little evidence that nurses do this assessment in their clinical practice, as well as the means they use to do so. This qualitative descriptive study aimed to explore how and when nurses in Quebec City assess medication adherence in people with HF during outpatient follow-up, as well as the beliefs associated with the determinants of nurses' intention to perform this behavior. A sample (n=16) of nurses and nurse practitioner entered this study. Semistructured individual interviews were conducted with an interview guide based upon the Theory of Planned Behavior (Ajzen, 1985). Data were analyzed using directed content analysis. Results show that medication adherence assessment is neither standardized nor systematic. It is carried out by verbal questionnaire and by the consultation of pharmacy refill records. Medication adherence is mainly assessed when a patient's clinical condition is already decompensated. The benefits and disadvantages of adopting the behavior of assessing medication adherence were identified, as well as the factors that facilitate and hinder its adoption, and perceived social referents who approve and disapprove of the behavior. Finally, the respondents say they intend to continue to assess medication adherence as it is currently done. In light of these findings, recommendations for nursing practice, training and research are formulated.
Document Type: Mémoire de maîtrise
Issue Date: 2019
Open Access Date: 18 October 2019
Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11794/36962
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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