Développement de réactions d'hydratation d'alcynes possédant un groupement fluoré à la position propargylique catalysées à l'or

Authors: Cloutier, Mélissa
Advisor: Paquin, Jean-François
Abstract: Gold catalysis attracted a lot of attention in the past few years for its ability to selectively activate alkynes over other functionalities towards nucleophilic attack under mild reaction conditions. Relativistic effects would be at the root of those unique properties of gold. While the Markovnikov product is typically obtained when performing reaction on terminal alkynes, the use of internal alkynes generally leads to the formation of regioisomeric mixtures. This regioselectivity issue can be completely or partially solved using electronwithdrawing groups at one of the propargylic positions. In that context, the reactivity of alkynes bearing a fluorinated group at the propargylic position have been explored. During this work, we observed that the nucleophilic attacked preferentially at the carbon distal to the fluorinated group, the latter acting as a strong electron-withdrawing fragment. The first project involves the gold-catalyzed hydration of trifluoromethylated and pentafluorosulfanylated alkynes for the synthesis of α-CF3 et α-SF5 ketones, respectively. In this case, the CF3 and SF5 groups, strong electron-withdrawing fragments, act as the directing groups. This led to the formation of only one regioisomer. Notably, this transformation represents the first use of CF3- and SF5-alkynes in gold catalysis. The second project concerns the gold-catalyzed hydroalkoxylation of gem-difluorides haloalkynes with a difluoromethylene substituent at the propargylic position. The formation of β, β-difluoroester, as only the only regioisomer, was observed. This showed the strong influence of the fluorinated group, the difluoromethylene fragment, as the directing group. DFT calculations were performed and suggested that this unusual regioselectivity originated from the significant electronic bias imposed by the difluoromethylene unit.
Document Type: Mémoire de maîtrise
Issue Date: 2019
Open Access Date: 18 October 2019
Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11794/36961
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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