Study of the hepatic stability and the therapeutic potential of novel antimitotic prodrugs selective for CYP1A1-expressing breast cancer cells

Authors: Zarifi Khosroshahi, Mitra
Advisor: Fortin, SébastienGobeil, Stéphane
Abstract: We recently found and studied a new class of antimicrotubule agents named phenyl 4-(2-oxo-3- alkylimidazolidin-1-yl)benzenesulfonates (PAIB-SOs) that are highly active and selective to breast cancer cells. PAIB-SOs are the first antimicrotuble CYP1A1-dependent prodrugs and their mechanism of selectivity is based on the metabolization in human breast cancer cells of PAIB-SOs by CYP1A1 into potent antimitotics named phenyl 4-(2-oxoimidazolidin-1-yl)benzenesulfonates (PIB-SOs). The main objective of my research was to evaluate the period necessary to trigger an efficient antiproliferative activity on breast cancer cells and to study the metabolic stability and the kinetics of activation by CYP1A1 of 8 promising PAIB-SOs exhibiting high antiproliferative activity and selectivity toward breast cancer cells aiming to select 4 PAIB-SOs for animal studies. We first found that the antiproliferative activities of PAIB-SOs are concentration and timedependent. A contact time of the selected PAIB-SOs with breast cancer cells varying from 24 to 36 h is required to observe a significant antiproliferative activity. We also found that all PAIBSOs are rapidly metabolized in the presence of CYP1A1 into PIB-SOs. Finally, the hepatic stability experiments of PAIB-SOs using human, mouse or rat microsomes showed that the halflife and the intrinsic clearance depend on the structure of the PAIB-SO and the animal species studied. The stability of PAIB-SOs in mouse microsomes was weaker than in rat or human microsomes which were equivalent. Our screening program identified CEU-829, -938, -934 and - 913 as our most stable PAIB-SOs and generating the lowest quantity of PIB-SOs when incubated with human and rodent microsomes. In addition, they respectively exhibited half-lives of 22, 55, 31 and 41 minutes in human microsomes, 43, 52, 23 and 44 minutes in rat microsomes and 3.7, 20, 12 and 1.6 minutes in mouse microsomes. Altogether, our studies identified CEU-934 and - 938 as suitable candidates for further pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic evaluation in a mouse model and CEU-829 and -913 in a rat model.
Document Type: Mémoire de maîtrise
Issue Date: 2019
Open Access Date: 15 October 2019
Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11794/36900
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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