L'accès à la représentation juridique en matière civile : un droit constitutionnel?

Authors: Laroche, Jasmine
Advisor: Lampron, Louis-Philippe
Abstract: The access to civil justice problems in all Canadian provinces are persistent. In civil matters, very few individuals have the true possibility to use the courts to enforce their rights. Broadly speaking, only very fortunate individuals, or the ones eligible to legal aid coverage, have the capacity to carry out legal proceedings. Access to the courts is an essential component of the right to access to justice guaranteed by the Canadian constitution. However, the sole possibility of seizing a court of justice is not sufficient to ensure a significant and just access. In the context of an adversarial system – in which each side must assert their claim according to specific substantive and formal conditions – the assistance of a lawyer is a necessity. However, it is currently too expensive for a vast proportion of litigants to seek the assistance of an attorney, and only a few of them are eligible to legal aid coverage in civil matters. Therefore, access to courts cannot be tangible for these individuals. The real issue regarding access to justice seems more so a question of the possibility to benefit from legal counsel, rather than physical barriers to the legal institution. An extended access to legal representation may significantly improve access to civil courts for many individuals. In the context in which barely 1 % of the Québec budget is allocated to the administration of justice, this thesis explores an alternative approach to assist the judicial system in meeting the challenge to which it is confronted regarding the litigants for whom access to the courts raises major difficulties. It suggests considering the possibility of a judicial recognition of the constitutional right to legal representation in civil matters, as well as its corollary: the State’s obligation to ensure the materialization of this right for the litigants who cannot bear such costs.
Document Type: Mémoire de maîtrise
Issue Date: 2019
Open Access Date: 4 October 2019
Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11794/36806
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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