Les cliniques médicales de type GMF : élaboration d'un guide de conception architecturale adapté à une clientèle vieillissante

Authors: Guérette, Antoine
Advisor: Després, CaroleMorales, Ernesto
Abstract: In 2015, the Ministry of Healthcare and Social Services, in the province of Quebec (Canada), issued two laws concerning the reform of the primary healthcare system in order to improve access to family medicine services, which led to several actions. One of these actions aim at bringing together healthcare specialists and family doctors inside the same clinics to offer both general care and specialized consultations. However, most clinics were not designed to offer a wide array of services neither to address the specific needs of a growing aging population. From an architectural point of view, this situation causes complex design issues, leading to renovations, additions and even resettlements. Therefore, this context of renewal represents an opportunity to explore ways for better adapting clinics’ architecture to the needs of an aging population with a growing life expectancy and number with the coming of the baby boomers at the age of 70 years old in 2016. This research aims to produce architectural guidelines to support architects and building managers in the planning and design of these clinics. Following an architectural programming approach, the research project integrates evidence-based and practice-based knowledge coming from post-occupancy evaluations and scientific literature. Thus, a regional overview of the built environment was conducted as well as the evaluation of three clinics concerning their layout and operation. Two focus groups of elderly concerning their experience of clinical visits and their opinion about architectural propositions complete the database.The ensuing results of such analysis appear as a set of design guidelines, structured within various issues, relating to the geographical the localization of clinics, their establishment on a parcel and its accessibility, as well asthe layout and the design qualities sought for every premises found in that type of facility.
Document Type: Mémoire de maîtrise
Issue Date: 2019
Open Access Date: 3 October 2019
Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11794/36797
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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