Analyse de la compétence de résolution collaborative de problèmes des futur(e)s enseignant(e)s de l'enseignement primaire

Authors: Kamga Kouamkam, Raoul
Advisor: Barma, SylvieRomero, Margarida
Abstract: This thesis presents an analysis of the collaborative problem solving skills of future primary school teachers in an educational robotics context. Nowadays, our daily lives are increasingly marked by the presence of technological advances like artificial intelligence or robotics. Hence, 21st century citizens must develop or improve on new skills. On the one hand, collaborative problem solving is identified in the scientific literature as a core competency of the 21st century. On the other hand, educational robotics, which is the pedagogical integration of robotic technologies to develop skills or to achieve learning objectives, is increasingly integrated into primary schools’ curricula in Quebec and in the initial training of primary school teachers. Thus, our aim was to understand how collaborative problem solving takes place in an educational robotics activity carried out by future primary school teachers. To achieve this, we mobilized a team of four future primary school teachers. They are enrolled in the third year of the Bachelor in Early Childhood and Elementary Education. They attend a course on the pedagogical use of information and communication technologies at preschool and primary school levels. They participated in two activities: the first being an educational robotics activity and the second, a Change Laboratory. The theoretical framework of our study is made up of the theory of expansive learning and the transformative agency. The investigation framework is made up of educational robotics and the matrix of collaborative problem solving skills derived from OECD (2013) and used in Programme for International Student Assessment (2015). We carried out a qualitative research. The research methodology was based on the Change Laboratory and the crossing of a historical-cultural reading and a cognitive framework of an educational robotics activity. The analysis of the educational robotics activity using the actions of the theory of expansive learning, led to the identification of six actions: questioning, empirical and historical analysis, modeling of new practices, examination of the new model, implementation of the new model and reflection on the process. The qualitative analysis of this educational robotics activity using the matrix of collaborative problem solving made it possible to describe the various actions of expansive learning previously identified. The participants reported having encountered several difficulties related to collaborative problem solving such as balancing their involvement throughout the activity and adapting to the working methods of other team members. As far as transformative agency is concerned, resistance is the most represented type of expressions. This implies that participants were more in conflict situations. The analytical method we developed to study the division of labour enabled us to identify emerging work units and two forms of team organisations namely the voluntary organisation and the involuntary organisation. This thesis documents collaborative problem solving in an educational robotics activity and presents an innovative framework for the analysis of this skill. Keywords: collaborative problem solving, complex problem, educational robotics, assessments.
Document Type: Thèse de doctorat
Issue Date: 2019
Open Access Date: 3 October 2019
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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