Étude hydrogéochimique des eaux souterraines dans un environnement pergélisolé en voie de dégradation, Umiujaq, Nunavik, Québec

Authors: Cochand, Marion
Advisor: Lemieux, Jean-Michel; Barth, Johannes
Abstract: Arctic and subarctic regions are particularly vulnerable to climate change. Higher air temperatures, for example, lead to permafrost warming which decreases its thickness and spatial coverage. Permafrost degradation has consequences on ecosystems, landscapes, the stability of soils, buildings and infrastructure, as well as on local populations and their way of life. The effect of permafrost degradation on groundwater is likely to result in the loss of the confining layer formed by permafrost, thereby promoting aquifer recharge and modifying interactions between surface water and groundwater. However, the effect of permafrost degradation on groundwater quality and availability is still largely unknown. With increasing concerns of rapid global warming, this thesis was motivated by the lack of information on groundwater in discontinuous permafrost regions and the potential of groundwater as a drinking water resource for communities in Nunavik (Quebec, Canada). This project focuses on understanding groundwater flow and groundwater quality in the Tasiapik Valley, a small watershed located in a discontinuous permafrost zone near Umiujaq, Nunavik, Quebec. Insights into the hydrogeological system are provided by conducting a comprehensive hydrogeochemical analysis of groundwater, surface water, precipitation and water contained in ice-rich permafrost. The thesis is divided into two parts. The first part (Chapter 2) presents a review of the existing scientific literature on groundwater hydrogeochemistry. The second part (Chapter 3) presents a specific hydrogeochemical study of groundwater in the Tasiapik Valley. The thesis also includes a general Introduction (Chapter 1), Synthesis (Chapter 4) and Conclusions (Chapter 5).
Document Type: Thèse de doctorat
Issue Date: 2019
Open Access Date: 30 September 2019
Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11794/36715
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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