Services de garde et victimisation : effet de socialisation?

Authors: Painchaud, Alexandra
Advisor: Boivin, Michel
Abstract: Previous studies support the idea of a predictive association between preschool child-care services and some social behavioral trends at school age (shyness, social withdrawal and aggression). Those variations in social behaviors may also explain a greater susceptibility to negative social experiences, including victimization. The main purpose of this study is to examine, firstly, if there are predictive associations between child-care services features (i.e. its use, the intensity, the age at entry and the type) at preschool age and victimization at the beginning and at the end of elementary school and, secondly, if these associations are partly mediated by social behaviors. The data used in this study come from The Québec Longitudinal Study of Child Development (QLSCD; N = 1 899). The use of child-care services was assessed by the mother's verbal report from 5 months to 5 years. Peer victimization was measured by questionnaires, completed by the child and the teacher, when the child is aged 6 to 12; the same goes for social behaviors, evaluated by the teacher only. According to a series of mediation analyses, the use of child-care services is indirectly associated with higher kindergarten victimization through social behaviors, but not at the end of elementary school. Intensity is associated indirectly with higher kindergarten victimization, but this association becomes direct by the end of elementary school. Early entry into child-care services predicts lower victimization only at the end of elementary school. The type of child-care services is more associated with kindergarten than end of elementary school victimization; attending center-based care and family-based child care indirectly predicts higher victimization, and individual child care by a family member directly predicts lower victimization. As expected, the results of this study support the social group adaptation hypothesis.
Document Type: Mémoire de maîtrise
Issue Date: 2019
Open Access Date: 27 September 2019
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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