Effets de deux suppléments protéiques sur l'abeille domestique (Apis mellifera L)
|Advisor:||Fournier, Valérie; Giovenazzo, Pierre|
|Abstract:||The honeybees (Apis mellifera L.) must have access to a diversity of pollen sources to meet their nutritional requirements. In regions where floral resources are scarce, beekeepers sometimes provide protein supplements to their colonies to avoid nutritional deficiencies. However, it is important and sometimes difficult to quantify the effects of these products on commercial colonies. The goals of this study were to 1) compare the health of commercial honeybee colonies supplemented or not with a protein supplement, 2) compare the consumption and impact on honey bee health of two commercial protein supplements and 3) evaluate the impact of surrounding landscape on the nutritional status of colonies. Fifty colonies located in three apiaries in Montérégie, Québec, were monitored from May to September 2016. Pollen traps placed certain colonies in simulated pollen shortage conditions. We found that supplemented colonies limited in pollen collection were able to raise the same amount of brood than the control colonies. Nurse bees in supplemented colonies also had a higher body protein content compared to control bees. However, bees of supplemented colonies displayed shorter lifespan, which casts a doubt on the suitability of these products for honey bee nutrition. The supplement containing pollen, Global Patties, was more consumed than the supplement containing no pollen, Ultra Bee. It also seemed more suitable, colonies consuming it displaying a lower pollen foraging effort (in pollen shortage conditions), nurse bees with a higher protein compared to the control and bees with a longer lifespan. Finally, colonies from the apiary surrounded by the highest proportion of cultivated land in a 5-km radius performed better overall compared to the other apiaries toward the end of the season. This could be explained by the presence of nutritionally interesting plants present in the agricultural landscape at that time of the year|
|Document Type:||Mémoire de maîtrise|
|Open Access Date:||26 September 2019|
|Collection:||Thèses et mémoires|
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