Optimisation de la régularité du service de transport en commun dans le but d'éviter le groupage d'autobus au Réseau de transport de la Capitale

Authors: Lapointe, Alexandra
Advisor: Coelho, Leandro C.
Abstract: The regularity optimization project of the public transit service aims at finding solutions to the bus bunching problem at the Réseau de Transport de la Capitale. The phenomenon is characterized by irregular intervals between the transits of buses at stops. The delays incurred by certain buses are at the origin of the problem. Delays are caused by sporadic events that are influenced by the physical and temporal characteristics of a bus line. This research focuses on the Métrobus 807, a crowded bus route that travels the axis between the West and East poles of Quebec City. The goal is to suggest solutions to the problem and to compare them with each other in order to make the proper recommendations for a potential implementation. Currently, irregular intervals, consequences of the bus bunching phenomenon, are noted in several places on the network as well as on the 807 bus route. The efficiency of the network as well as the public transit user experience in Quebec City is negatively affected. The suggested solutions in the present research include solutions applied individually as well as combined with others. The suggested solutions act on the potential sources of delays and are meant to quickly restore the intervals following the detection of a bus bunching event. The solutions are then tested under a discrete event simulation to predict their performance under real circumstances. The simulation allows to test the solutions in a dynamic environment in which it is possible to quantify and qualify the expected results prior to an implementation. The recommendations made in this research allow to improve the regularity of the public transit service, to maximize the use of resources and to offer to the public transit user a comfortable and enhanced experience.
Document Type: Mémoire de maîtrise
Issue Date: 2018
Open Access Date: 26 September 2019
Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11794/36679
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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