Évaluation d'une nouvelle génération d'engrais enrobés pour diminuer le lessivage des éléments minéraux et réduire les émissions de gaz à effet de serre (N2O)

Authors: Benlamlih, Fatima Zahra
Advisor: Pépin, SteeveLamhamedi, Mohammed SghirMessaddeq, Younès
Abstract: In order to improve the efficiency of fertilizer use and reduce the negative impact they have on the environment, the coating of conventional fertilizers with new biodegradable polymers is a promising solution.The objective of this study was to evaluate a new generation of fertilizers coated with novel biodegradable polymers. The homogeneity of coated fertilizer particles was slightly lower than that of conventional fertilizers. Biodegradable polymers are relatively soluble in water and do not inhibit the release of mineral elements. The kinetics of nutrient release in a peat substrate was however similar for both types of fertilizer. Two hours after application, Biodrix N released 34% less urea and N-urea than Ureia, but the difference disappeared after one day. The effect of coated fertilizers on the reduction of nitrate leaching and N₂O losses was evaluated under controlled conditions. Aminaex and Biodrix N reduced nitrate leaching by 41% and 54% compared to Ureia and delayed the peak of N₂O efflux by 10 days. On the other hand, the coating of the phosphorus did not reduce its leaching. Aminaex and Biodrix N had a longer N₂O emission period than Ureia, which increased the cumulative N₂O efflux emissions after 20 days for both coated fertilizers compared to Ureia. In conclusion, undercontrolled conditions, coating nitrogen fertilizers with biodegradable polymers hindered the instantaneous solubilization of urea, decreased nitrate leaching and reduced the peak of N₂O efflux.
Document Type: Mémoire de maîtrise
Issue Date: 2019
Open Access Date: 20 September 2019
Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11794/36575
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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