On surface electropolishing for the development of metallic stents

Authors: Mousselli, Jad
Advisor: Mantovani, D.
Abstract: Cardiovascular diseases (CVD) are responsible for about one-third of all death cases in Canada. One of the solutions used to solve this problem is using a metallic device made of a mesh and called a stent. Stents are small devices that are implanted in narrowed blood vessels to restore blood flow and to avoid a heart attack or stroke and to treat brain aneurysms. An accurate surface control is needed to assure the cytocompatibility of the chosen alloy with its biologic environment. Metallic stents must satisfy precise conditions defined according to their final application. They need to respect strict requirements, in terms of mechanical properties, electrochemical interaction (corrosion) and cytocompatibility. The following alloys are traditionally used in biomedical applications and more precisely for cardiovascular applications: the alloy AISI316L is considered a reference in this field, but the alloy L605, a Co-based material, is gaining more and more importance, due to its high mechanical properties (high ductility and high ultimate tensile strength) and high corrosion resistance. The use of Titanium alloys is the new frontier for biomaterials in cardiovascular applications, it is considered as a new potential candidate for cardiovascular stents. Titanium alloys, shows a unique combination of high strength and high ductility (ultimate tensile strength and uniform deformation higher than 1000 MPa and 30%, respectively). Electropolishing is a pre-treatment step applied to these alloys to obtain chemically homogeneous surfaces, covered with a uniform and amorphous oxide layer, generally with a very smooth roughness. This process not only makes it possible to control the physical properties of the surface, but also the chemical ones. The electropolishing process has some changeable variables, such as current, voltage, electrolytic solution and temperature of electrolyte. By controlling them, it is possible to understand and improve the surface properties. This work is aimed at studying the effects of electropolishing changeable variables (current, voltage, electrolytic solution) on surface characteristics/properties (morphology, chemical composition and wettability) of those alloys used for the manufacture of stents.
Document Type: Mémoire de maîtrise
Issue Date: 2019
Open Access Date: 20 September 2019
Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11794/36574
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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