Modélisation numérique des signatures isotopiques lors de l'oxydation chimique et la biodégradation des hydrocarbures pétroliers en eau souterraine

Authors: Arai, U'ilani
Advisor: Molson, John
Abstract: An emerging strategy for the remediation of contaminated sites is the integration of different treatment technologies. One example of a synergistic sequential treatment system is to use persulfate, a strong chemical oxidant (ChemOx), to target the bulk of the contaminant mass in the high concentration zones and then allow the produced sulfate to enhance biodegradation of the remaining mass. The design and subsequent performance of this combined remedy depends on the development of an enhanced bio-remediation (EBR) zone from the initial ChemOx zone. To provide insight into the development of these two dynamic mass removal zones, the isotopic fractionation signatures of representative petroleum hydrocarbons were simulated using the BIONAPL/3D model, which includes groundwater flow and multi–component reactive transport. This model was used to simulate a pilot-scale experiment conducted at the Canadian Forces Base Borden where persulfate was injected into a controlled-release plume of dissolved BTX components (benzene, toluene and xylene). Isotopic signatures of δ13C and δ2H were used to identify redox reactions, and to provide insight into hydrocarbon degradation pathways including aerobic biodegradation, chemical oxidation by persulfate, and anaerobic biodegradation by microbial sulfate reduction. Isotopic fractionation of C and H was included by associating the fractionation factors with the maximum substrate utilization rates. Simulated isotopic signatures agree reasonably well with the observed isotope ratios, showing increasing shifts of δ13C and δ2H over time in the remaining dissolved BTX. Spatially distinct redox zones, which are also affected by advection and dispersion, were identifiable from the simulated isotope ratios. The simulation results show that mass loss was dominated by chemical oxidation followed by sulfate EBR. The modelling tool and approach will be useful for application at other sites to support the design of persulfate/EBR sequential treatment systems, and to investigate the role of engineering controls on system behavior.
Document Type: Mémoire de maîtrise
Issue Date: 2019
Open Access Date: 19 September 2019
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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