Relations et articulation entre le coenseignement et la différenciation pédagogique pour soutenir les besoins spécifiques des élèves à risque, handicapés ou en difficulté d'adaptation ou d'apprentissage à l'éducation préscolaire

Authors: Leclerc, Louise
Advisor: Tremblay, Philippe
Abstract: In Quebec, most children go to school at 5 years old when they enter kindergaten. For the majority of children, entry to school will be no problem. For others, the transition will be more difficult and the difficulties encountered at the beginning of schooling will often have consequences that will affect them throughout their school path. In order to meet students’ needs, several support measures can be put in place, for both students and teachers, including collaboration between different professionals (Belmont & Verillon, 2004). Previously, the collaboration was done outside the classroom by co-intervention. As things change, it is now being carried out more and more within the class-group by co-teaching. Most co-teaching research was conducted at the primary and secondary levels and focused on defining the concept and evaluating the effectiveness of this type of teaching and its set up (Friend et al., 2010). Most research doesn’t focus on actual practices of teachers, especially in the kindergaten classroom. The purpose of this case study is to 1) identify and analyze the interventions made within the group in order to take into account the specific needs of students at risk, handicapped or in difficulty of adaptation or learning. It also wants to 2) describe and to understand how kindergaten co-teaching works by observing coteaching teaching-learning situations. This research was conducted with two kindergaten teachers from the Quebec-Chaudière-Appalaches region doing co-teaching on a full-time basis. The teaching-learning situations were observed between January and May 2018 every two weeks. The data were collected through semi-structured interviews, filmed observations as well as selfconfrontation interviews. The results of this research show that full-time co-teaching in kindergarten is a form of collaboration that promotes inclusive education and pedagogical differentiation of both learning and teaching, not only the students’ needs in difficulty, but also all students in the classroom. Keywords: co-teaching, team-teaching, kindergarten
Document Type: Mémoire de maîtrise
Issue Date: 2019
Open Access Date: 13 September 2019
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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