Segmentation de neurones pour imagerie calcique du poisson zèbre : des méthodes classiques à l'apprentissage profond

Authors: Poirier, Jasmine
Advisor: Côté, DanielDesrosiers, Patrick
Abstract: The experimental study of the resilience of a complex network lies on our capacity to reproduceits structural and functional organization. Having chosen the neuronal network of the larvalzebrafish as our animal model for its transparency, we can use techniques such as light-sheet microscopy combined with calcium imaging to image its whole brain more than twice every second, with a cellular spatial resolution. Having both those spatial and temporal resolutions, we have to process and segment a great quantity of data, which can’t be done manually. Wethus have to resort to numerical techniques to segment the neurons and extract their activity. Three segmentation techniques have been compared : adaptive threshold (AT), random deci-sion forests (ML), and a pretrained deep convolutional neural network. While the adaptive threshold technique allow rapid identification and with almost no error of the more active neurons, it generates many more false negatives than the two other methods. On the contrary, the deep convolutional neural network method identify more neurons, but generates more false positives which can be filtered later in the proces. Using the F1 score as our comparison metrics, the neural network (F1= 59,2%) out performs the adaptive threshold (F1= 25,4%) and random decision forests (F1= 48,8%). Even though the performances seem lower compared to results generally shown for deep neural network, we are competitive with the best technique known to this day for neurons segmentation, which is 3dCNN (F1= 65.9%), an algorithm presented in the neurofinder challenge.
Document Type: Mémoire de maîtrise
Issue Date: 2019
Open Access Date: 13 September 2019
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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