Influence de 6 semaines d'entraînement par intervalles à haute intensité sur l'autorégulation cérébrale dynamique d'hommes entraînés en endurance

Authors: Drapeau, Audrey
Advisor: Brassard, Patrice
Abstract: Recent cross-sectional evidence revealed that an elevated cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) is associated with an impaired dynamic cerebral autoregulation (dCA); ability of the cerebrovasculature to alter its resistance in response to abrupt and rapid changes in blood pressure to maintain cerebral blood flow (CBF). Very few studies have attempted to assess longitudinally how resting CBF and dCA react to training. The ones that did, observed that sedentary young and elderly or clinical populations had beneficial effects of training on cardiorespiratory and cerebrovascular health. The extend at which improving CRF in already cardiofit individuals remains unknown. When seeking CRF improvement, they often resort to high-intensity interval training (HIIT) either submaximal or supramaximal. The literature related to the influence of intensity training per se on the cerebral hemodynamics is limited. The present study characterized CBF at rest and dCA using forced oscillations of blood pressure induced by the repeated squat-stand maneuver following 6 weeks of HIIT in endurance-trained men. We also examined if the potential changes would be intensity-dependant. Our results indicate that independently of intensity, CBF at rest remained unchanged following training even in the face of a significantly improved CRF. Furthermore, the cerebrovasculature of endurance-trained men retained the ability to counteract slow and abrupt changes during forced oscillations of BP at 0.05 Hz. However, when the forced oscillations are more rapid, at 0.10 Hz, there is a decrease in phase shift as estimated by transfer function analysis. Taken together, HIIT training over a period of 6 week is beneficial for CRF but deteriorates dCA of endurance-trained me.
Document Type: Mémoire de maîtrise
Issue Date: 2019
Open Access Date: 12 September 2019
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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