Développement d'assemblages de dispositif de retenue pour les ponts à platelage en aluminium

Authors: Cormier, Martin
Advisor: Annan, Charles-DarwinFafard, Mario
Abstract: Traffic crash barriers are used in bridge construction to withstand vehicular impact and protect the lives of occupants and other road users by safely redirecting the vehicles onto the roadway. Current design standards require that the designed traffic barrier system be crash-tested under full-scale reallife conditions to assure satisfactory interaction with vehicles at a specified performance level. Certain modifications to an already crash-tested barrier may be permitted if it can be demonstrated by finite element analysis that they would not adversely affect the designed performance of the barrier. The present study investigates the possibility of installing an already crash-tested and approved traffic barrier on a bridge deck made from welded multi-cellular aluminium extrusions. The research objective is to develop an innovative connection design for attaching a selected traffic barrier to the aluminium deck in such a way that under vehicular-induced impact forces, the aluminium deck panel would not undergo permanent plastic deformation. The proposed solution consists of a sacrificial aluminium extrusion, mechanically connected between the barrier and the bridge deck, and carefully designed and detailed to yield under vehicular impact forces. This would help dissipate the energy from the impact, while allowing other components in the assembly to remain essentially elastic. The study involves two stages: the first stage consists of the design and analysis of the connector system based on the equivalent static forces prescribed by the Canadian Highway Bridge Design Standard CAN/CSA S6-14. The second phase consists of a dynamic computer simulation of the real crash-test, and a series of verification and validation processes of the interaction between the traffic barrier and the vehicle, by comparing both qualitatively and quantitatively with observations from the real crash
Document Type: Mémoire de maîtrise
Issue Date: 2019
Open Access Date: 12 September 2019
Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11794/36441
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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