Le rôle de la connaissance du vocabulaire, de la conscience syntaxique et de la conscience métacognitive dans la compréhension en lecture de textes de nature académique en français langue tierce chez des étudiants iraniens à l'Université Laval

Authors: Mahdavi, Adelehsadat
Advisor: De Koninck, ZitaSaif, Shahrzad
Abstract: Academic reading comprehension in L2 is shown to be affected by several factors including, but not limited to, vocabulary knowledge, background knowledge, linguistic knowledge, syntactic awareness, reading strategies. However, there seems to be no consensus among previous studies with respect to the type of factors that have the greatest impact on L2 learner’s comprehension of academic texts (Guo & Roehrig, 2011; Nergis, 2013). The present study conducted with a population of 75 Iranian French as a Second Language (FSL) learners enrolled in graduate programs at Laval University (Quebec), seeks to explore the degree to which the knowledge of vocabulary (depth and size), syntactic awareness and metacognitive awareness, facilitate the academic reading comprehension in FSL learner’s. The data was gathered using 5 different instruments: a measure of depth of vocabulary knowledge (Qian & Schedl, 2004), a vocabulary level test (Nation, 1990), a measure of syntactic awareness (Brown, Hammill, Larsen & Wiederholt, 2007), a questionnaire on metacognitive strategies in reading (Taraban, Kerr & Ryneason, 2004) and the reading component of the Test de Connaissance du Français (TCF). The results of the quantitative data analysis indicate that the reading comprehension score is significantly correlated with all other variables and that these associations are all positive though moderate at times. The result of a regression analysis revealed that, for this group of homogeneous learners, the variables Taille3kTotal and PhraseTotal contributed the most to the academic reading comprehension, in French, a third language for our subjects. Our findings are consistent with those obtained by Guo and Roehrig (2011), thus contradicting Nergis’ 2013 conclusions which identified the metacognitive consciousness as the best predictor of reading comprehension.
Document Type: Thèse de doctorat
Issue Date: 2019
Open Access Date: 20 August 2019
Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11794/36120
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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