La crise des subprimes : vers un meilleur encadrement des risques financiers et juridiques liés à la titrisation des créances

Authors: Akiobé Songolo, Michèle Patricia
Advisor: Lacoursière, Marc
Abstract: Securitization of receivables is an operation that allows banks to finance themselves on the financial markets at a lower cost and without too much risk. To carry out the operation, the banks sell the loans they have granted to a structure which will then be responsible for placing them with investors. In addition, securitization also allows banks to manage the risks associated with loans. With the advent of this operation, banks are less concerned about the quality and financial capacity of borrowers. Once the loan is granted, they create portfolios of receivables that will be transferred later. Another form of securitization is to transfer only the risk associated with the loans without taking these loans out of the bank's balance sheet: It’s a synthetic securitization. These two forms of securitization, traiditional and synthetic, were used in the United States and contributed to the explosion of the housing bubble that led to a financial crisis in 2008: the subprime crisis. Securitization has, therefore, caused the risk-spreading movement that has followed on the financial markets. The subprimes are variable risk mortgage loans to low-income US households. The rate is low the first years but increases gradually. Securitizing this type of loan is to propagate the risk of non-repayment of borrowers to all the various stakeholders in the chain. And that's what happened: the rates were raised, and the borrowers were not able to ensure the payment of different monthly payments causing a blockage of the entire circuit. Things happened this way because in the markets at that time, the lure of gain prevailed over the respect of almost non existent rules. This thesis proposes solutions for financial market supervision and for securitization operations specifically. Between the law of the market, the rule of law and ethics, the recommendations made in this dissertation are complementary to the actions of the various regulators, national and international.
Document Type: Thèse de doctorat
Issue Date: 2019
Open Access Date: 9 August 2019
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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