La résurgence de la Russie dans la région du Moyen-Orient : le cas de la crise syrienne de 2011

Authors: Andrieux, Thomas
Advisor: Berthold, Étienne
Abstract: This project analyses the role played by Russia in the Syrian conflict. This project primary objective is to investigate the various reasons that motivates Russia to be implicated militarily and politically in a conflict that is far away from its own borders. In addition, this project will allow the reader to be better informed about Russia’s present place in middle eastern geopolitical dynamics. This master’s degree project puts in relation many themes that are rarely addressed in geographical studies, giving it a degree of originality that is highly relevant in contemporary scientific studies. Russia has always positioned itself besides the Syrian regime since the beginning of the population uprising in 2011. It has also condemned any exterior intervention, perceived as a way to destabilize a legitimate and sovereign regime. Three main recurring themes, described as explaining Russia’s actions in Syria, found many times in mass medias and in certain publications, were analyzed. Historically speaking, Russia and Syria don’t have strong enough relations that could explain why Moscow is showing such a strong support for the regime in place. The Russian weapon’s trade with Syria isn’t important enough either; Russia sells bigger volumes of weaponry to China, Vietnam and Algeria. The Russian naval base located in Tartus, cited many times in the medias, is nothing else but a soviet heritage that can only manage to maintain basic resupply functions. As it has no command and control capabilities, Moscow is only using these floating piers as a logistical asset in the conflict. Terrorism in Russia exists since a long time but the Syrian conflict will have a reduced impact on domestic radicalism. The effect was quite the opposite of what was expected; the migration of Russian fighters towards Syrian battlefields lowered the percentage of violent and armed crimes in certain regions of the North Caucasus. Russia adopted its stance in Syria to re-establish its influence in the region and to pave the road for a dynamic of multilateralism in the Middle East that would integrate key states that are influent in the region.
Document Type: Mémoire de maîtrise
Issue Date: 2019
Open Access Date: 9 August 2019
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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