Régulation de la voie MAPK et de l'expression du facteur de transcription induit en hypoxie HIF-1a par l'arginine méthyltransférase PRMT1 via la méthylation de DOCK6
|Advisor:||Richard, Darren Edward|
|Abstract:||Conditions of low oxygen, or hypoxia, are involved in various pathophysiological situations including cancer and cardiovascular diseases. Hypoxic responses are mediated through a highly regulated transcriptional response in which hypoxia-inducible factor-1 (HIF-1) plays an important role. HIF-1transcriptional activity relies on hypoxia-dependent stabilization of HIF-1α, an essential HIF-1 subunit. In previous work, we identified protein-arginine methyltransferase 1 (PRMT1) as a novel repressor of HIF-1αexpression. By inhibiting the activity of specificity proteins 1 and 3 (Sp1, Sp3; Sp1/3) transcription factors, PRMT1 regulates HIF-1α subunit availability and HIF-1 activity. PRMT1 blocks Sp1/3 activity by preventing phosphorylation through the inhibition of the mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPK) pathway. MAPK pathway iscomposed of ERK1/2 (extracellular signal-regulated kinases) and MEK (MAPK/ERK kinase), which can itself be activated by PAK1 (p21-activated kinases). In addition, we identified the guanine nucleotide exchange factor (GEF) DOCK6 as a novel PRMT1 binding partner and as an intermediate for the regulation of MAPK pathway. Therefore, the aim of this study is to better characterize the role of DOCK6 in HIF-1α expression and MAPK regulation. Our results show that DOCK6 is directly methylated by PRMT1. PRMT1 methylation of DOCK6 alters its GEF activity and results in the inactivation of downstream PAK1/MEK/ERK1/2signaling. Interestingly, our results indicate that DOCK6 levels are increased by hypoxia in a HIF-1 dependent manner. Finally, we show that HIF-1αis required for MAPK pathway activation in hypoxic conditions. These studies demonstrate the intricate feedback mechanism that can regulate HIF-1, highlight the complexity of HIF-1 regulation under hypoxic conditions and identify novel targets for potential intervention.|
|Document Type:||Mémoire de maîtrise|
|Open Access Date:||7 August 2019|
|Collection:||Thèses et mémoires|
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