Étude de la résistance à la pourriture à sclérotes chez le soja canadien
|Abstract:||Sclerotinia stem rot (SSR) (Sclerotinia sclerotiorum) is one of the most important soybean diseases causing considerable damage in Canada in the absence of fully resistant lines. Thanks to genomic selection, it is possible to develop lines with increased resistance to this ascomycota. But first, it is necessary to identify the genomic regions responsible for resistance, to guide breeders' choices regarding parents to be used for crosses, as well as to inform selection with the help of molecular markers. In this study, we conducted a genome-wide association study (GWAS) to identify quantitative trait loci (QTL) of partial resistance in Canadian material. We genotyped 127 lines, previously evaluated for SSR resistance, with close to 1.5M high-quality SNPs. This catalog offers extensive genome coverage and the opportunity to explore areas that were incompletely covered in previous studies. This analysis identified a new QTL on chromosome 1 Gm 01 where the resistant allele reduced lesion length on the stem by 29 mm. To validate this QTL, the descendants of a cross between two lines carrying contrasted alleles for Gm01 were genotyped and then evaluated for resistance. The results show that individuals carrying the resistance allele developed lesions that were 43 mm shorter, a reduction of 48% compared to those bearing the sensitivity allele. These results suggest that this QTL is a promising candidate for developing soybean lines with enhanced resistance to SSR.|
|Document Type:||Mémoire de maîtrise|
|Open Access Date:||5 August 2019|
|Collection:||Thèses et mémoires|
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