L'indépendance judiciaire à l'épreuve de la «grande corruption» : illustration à travers la réception des instruments internationaux de lutte contre la corruption dans les systèmes judiciaires de Common Law et de Droit civil et selon les contextes sociaux Nord/Sud (Canada, France, Cameroun)

Authors: Hemle Djob Sotong, Simon Pierre
Advisor: Naccarato, Mario
Abstract: Noting that the national legal framework could only take into consideration partly the transnational corruption offense, the States have massively joined regional and international conventions against corruption. For the sake of consensus, the flexibility of terms used within these conventions covered up their purpose. For example, when the concept of functional equivalence generated a differential receipt of the conventional instrument according to legal system of a given member State; the evaluation by different follow-up mechanisms of those instruments seems to be suggesting the harmonisation of criminal law. In practical terms, it is observed that this harmonising purpose cannot be effective without a coercive monitoring mechanism implemented by the complaint/communication of every interested social actor against corruption. However, the political discrepancies noted in some mechanisms of criminal law make nowadays difficult the institutionalization of an international criminal court for economic crimes. The most plausible anticorruption alternative seems to be that social actors get organized in prosecutorial network. This network should have access to all national, foreign, and international juridical mechanisms connected with the transnational corruption offense by the same “corruptional’’ fact. That implicit competition between the judicial and quasi-judicial bodies of different legal systems creates among themselves a spontaneous competition. While participating on improvement of national jurisdictions, this competition represents also an essential condition for their independence.
Document Type: Thèse de doctorat
Issue Date: 2019
Open Access Date: 5 August 2019
Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11794/35779
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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