Activation des cellules dendritiques par des composantes de bioaérosols

Authors: Boucher, Magali
Advisor: Duchaine, CarolineMarsolais, David
Abstract: Several occupational settings are highly contaminated with bioaerosols, which are often associated with the induction of various respiratory pathologies. It is therefore important to define the impact of the components of bioaerosols on mucosal immunity. Dendritic cells are at the interface of the individual and his environment and play a role in the initiation of immunopathological responses induced by bioaerosols. The purpose of this project was to compare how various agents, agent combinations, or samples from environments highly contaminated with bioaerosols modulated dendritic cell activation in vitro. Our results show that the degree of activation of dendritic cells derived from the bone marrow differentiates between a highly immunogenic agent, endotoxins, from weakly immunogenic agents such as β-D glucans and archaea Methanosphaera stadtmanae and Methanobrevibacter smithii. We also show that combined stimulation of these agents additively activates dendritic cells, thus confirming the importance of studying the impact of bioaerosols as a whole, and not just individual components. In addition, the kinetics of activation of dendritic cells is modulated by the nature of the stimulation, which confirms the hypothesis of interaction between the components of bioaerosols on the immune response. Finally, the activation of dendritic cells stratifies various working environments by class, which is corroborated by an in vivo lung inflammation model. This project therefore broadens our understanding of the mechanisms underlying the induction of immunopathological reactions by complex bioaerosols.
Document Type: Mémoire de maîtrise
Issue Date: 2019
Open Access Date: 1 August 2019
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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