Monofluoroalcène comme isostère de la liaison peptidique : synthèse, caractérisation et application

Authors: Drouin, Myriam
Advisor: Paquin, Jean-François
Abstract: The unique properties associated with the incorporation of fluorine into bioactive compounds have led to its important use in medicinal chemistry. Nowadays, various fluorinated functional groups are employed. Among them, the monofluoroalkene shows interesting properties. This thesis will present the study of the monofluoroalkene as a peptide bond isostere and will focus on its synthesis, characterization and use as a fluorinated probe. The palladium catalyzed allylic alkylation of 3,3-difluoropropenes using dimethylmalonate and its derivatives was developed. Various monofluoroalkenes were obtained in good yields. An asymmetric variant of the transformation was then investigated, but the transformation was limited to six-membered cycles. Some derivatization of the monofluoroalkenes obtained could be performed, such as a two steps monodecarboxylation procedure to access a peptide bond mimic followed by a β-amino acid. To access α-amino acid derivatives, a bimolecular nucleophilic substitution with allylic rearrangement starting from natural amino acids was briefly investigated. The influence on the hydrophobicity of the incorporation of a monofluoroalkene into the backbone of short peptides was then evaluated. The hydrophobicity index, a parameter that can be determined by using reverse-phase high performance liquid chromatography, was used to quantify the lipophilicity of fluorinated and natural peptides. In every case, the presence of the monofluoroalkene enhanced the hydrophobicity of the compounds. Finally, the monofluoroalkene was incorporated into the backbone of larger peptides to access a new 19F-label for the study of biological events by nuclear magnetic resonance. The motif was integrated into the sequence of two peptides, PGLa and (KIGAKI)3, and the fluorinated mutants were studied using biophysical techniques.
Document Type: Thèse de doctorat
Issue Date: 2019
Open Access Date: 23 July 2019
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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